It was a strange and unexpected ruling that sent shock waves through the Davis and Yolo County community. An appellate court has ruled that Daniel Marsh, convicted of a double murder in Davis as a teenager, is entitled to have a juvenile court hearing that was originally bypassed, to determine whether he should have been prosecuted in adult court.
The original court verdict has been set aside while the juvenile court judge makes the determination as to whether he was suitable for treatment in juvenile court or if he should remain in adult court.
If a judge were to determine that Mr. Marsh, who brutally stabbed the elderly couple of Chip Northup and his wife Claudia Maupin while they slept in their Davis home on April 13, 2013, is better suitable for adult court, the original conviction and 52 to life sentence would be reinstated.
It makes for dramatic news coverage, but the reality is that nothing is going to change. Indeed, the appellate court comments that “it could be argued that it is not even remotely probable that the juvenile court would find the present defendant suitable for juvenile court.”
That hasn’t stopped DA Jeff Reisig from using this case as another launching point to attack Propostion 57.
At the time of the original trial, the Yolo County DA’s office had the authority to “direct file” Mr. Marsh’s case in adult court. But under Prop. 57, passed in November 2016, direct filing of
juvenile cases in adult court has been eliminated.
Under Prop. 57, all criminal matters that involve juvenile defendants begin in a delinquency court which has a hearing to determine whether or not to transfer the defendant to adult court.
But here’s the thing: Daniel Marsh’s case may deserve the right to due process under the current law, but this is not a close call.
According to the law, the judge would consider five criteria to determine whether the defendant qualifies for juvenile court. These are the degree of criminal sophistication, capacity for rehabilitation, previous delinquency history, success of prior rehabilitation attempts, and the circumstances and gravity of the alleged offense.
Under at least four of those criteria, any objective evaluation of Daniel Marsh is going to demonstrate there is no possible way that he is going to qualify for juvenile consideration.
In a 12-page court ruling, the appellate justices note: “The People concede that this initiative applies retroactively to defendant’s pending appeal, and that we must conditionally reverse for proceeding in juvenile court.”
They add, “Although it could be argued that it is not even remotely probable that the juvenile court would find the present defendant suitable for juvenile court, the People do not object to a conditional reversal and remand for the juvenile court to rule on the issue.”
This fact has not stopped District Attorney Jeff Reisig from getting on his soap box to use the ruling to once against attack Prop. 57.
This another case where Jeff Reisig’s views are at odds with Yolo County. Mr. Reisig, like pretty much all of the state’s district attorneys, strongly opposed the proposition. But the voters in Yolo County overwhelmingly approved it 68-32.
He, along with Supervisors Jim Provenza and Matt Rexroad, wrote a letter in November 2016 published in the local papers opposing Prop. 57. They warned that “this loophole will make eligible for early release into our communities criminals who have committed” a number of crimes they deemed serious.
Prop. 57 follows “on the heels of Gov. Brown’s realignment scheme that has reduced state prison populations by tens of thousands of inmates who are instead housed in overcrowded county jails or have been released onto the street. It also follows another soft-on-crime criminal justice experiment, Proposition 47, which has reduced numerous felonies to misdemeanors.”
He quickly issued a statement to the media following this decision: “It’s really disappointing, because this case highlights one of the serious flaws with Prop. 57.” He added, “I don’t think the voters ever would have contemplated that this killer would be a beneficiary.”
Except that he is not going to be a beneficiary. Yes, he gets his hearing. Yes, it will be a temporary inconvenience, but once again, as the court indicated, “it could be argued that it is not even remotely probable that the juvenile court would find the present defendant suitable for juvenile court.”
As we pointed out, on at least four of the five criteria that they use for review, he fails. So why the hand wringing? If the defendant is entitled to a hearing and his due process, let him have it and then let the system work as it is supposed to. In the end, Mr. Reisig wants to be able to make the sole determination as to whether someone should be tried as a juvenile and adult.
In the Daniel Marsh matter, it does not make a difference who makes that call. In other matters, juveniles with no record and fairly minor charges against them have been held in adult court. We have covered numerous cases where the minors spend several years in the system held in custody, charged as adults with no oversight as to whether or not they should be in the adult system. They then get acquitted outright or convicted of lesser crimes and revert to the juvenile system – but they have lost a lot of time and opportunity in the meantime.
Daniel Marsh is not such a case, he’ll quickly be denied, have his sentence reimposed, and go back to serving his time in prison. We shouldn’t fear due process or discretion. Neither should the elected district attorney.
—David M. Greenwald reporting