Fire and DCEA File Unfair Labor Practice Complaints Against City

firefighters-friends-of-2The city council agenda showed two closed session items, with the city responding to unfair labor practices filed by the Davis Professional Firefighters Association Local 3494 and the Davis City Employees Association. The city went to impasse against both groups and, ultimately, the council in each case voted 5-0 to impose the last, best, and final offer last fall.

Last summer, the Vanguard learned that Captain Bobby Weist filed an unfair labor practice complaint against the city.

Further, the Davis Professional Firefighters Association has filed an Unfair Labor Practices Complaint against the City of Davis, noting that the two parties reached impasse in April 2013, and that the city has unilaterally initiated a performance improvement plan (PIP) for Fire Captain Robert Weist, which sets forth areas in which he needs to improve his performance within a year.

The complaint goes on to allege that the city unilaterally changed its vacation procedure, and that it did so in retaliation for lawful union representational activity.

The city argues, “The Complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted because the City did not retaliate or discriminate against Captain Weist or the Charging Party in violation of the Meyers-Milias Brown Act. The City took no adverse action against Captain Weist and the actions taken (i.e., denial of vacation leave and issuance of the PIP) were not motivated by or because of the Charging Party’s exercise of its rights under the Meyers-Milias Brown Act.”

The city added, “The City acted in good faith and had non-discriminatory reasons for taking the challenged actions and it acted because of these non-discriminatory reasons.” Instead, they note, “Captain Weist was denied vacation leave on or about March 13, 2013, in part, because Captain Weist’s engine company was scheduled to participate in an important multi-agency drill with several other fire agencies. Likewise, the PIP was issued to address concerns raised in Captain Weist’s annual performance evaluation, such as incomplete training (for Captain Weist and the Engine Company personnel he supervises), preparation of required logs/reports, fire prevention inspections, and station maintenance.”

DCEA Unfair Labor Practices Complaint

In 2010, the Davis City Council imposed terms and conditions on DCEA, however, in late 2011, those terms and conditions were overturned by PERB (Public Employment Relations Board) when they ruled that the city had not gone through the proper processes and had imposed terms and conditions “before exhausting the fact-finding process set forth in its local rules.”

That reverted the contract back to the previous MOU and the city responded by terminating nine DCEA employees in June 2012.

The city then resumed collective bargaining before going to impasse in the spring of 2013 and imposing the LBFO on November 19, 2013.

DCEA now contends, in an April 29, 2014, complaint to PERB, that “the City did not negotiate in good faith in the 2012 negotiations that led to the implementation of the LBFO and that its implementation of those terms therefore violated the Meyers-Milias-Brown Act (MMBA) at Government Code Section 3500 et seq.”

“The evidence surrounding the 2012 negotiations, as set forth below, shows the bad faith of the City in this regard. However, the circumstances regarding previous negotiations between these parties in 2009 that led to unfair practice charges and a PERB decision against the City in 2012 provide further evidence of the City’s bad faith,” DCEA continues.

“In essence, the City of Davis entered negotiations in 2009 with very definite ideas of how it wanted to cut labor costs. When DCEA did not agree to the drastic cuts proposed by the City the City sought to bring the collective bargaining process to a conclusion as quickly as possible so it could implement the terms of a last, best and final offer it had made to DCEA in 2010. As found by PERB in PERB Decision No. 2271-M dated June 8, 2012, the City had unlawfully abandoned the factfinding process that its local employer-employee relations resolution required after an impasse. The Board’s decision required the City to resume bargaining and complete the factfinding process.”

“On October 24, 2012 the City gave DCEA a last, best and final offer (LBFO),” DCEA claims. “The City’s LBFO deviated very little from its first comprehensive economic proposal of seven months earlier.”

They add, “Throughout the 2012 negotiations, the City made no counter-proposals at all to any of DCEA’s proposals.”

“On March 20 and 21, 2013 the parties proceeded to interest arbitration before Arbitrator Joe Henderson, pursuant to the PERB decision dated June 8, 2012,” they continue. “The Henderson panel addressed several of the proposals that DCEA had set forth in the 2012 negotiations, including binding arbitration, standby pay, and a boot allowance increase. The Henderson panel issued its Findings and Recommendations on August 12, 2013, recommending that binding arbitration, standby pay, and an increased boot allowance be offered to the employees.”

“The LaRocco panel issued its findings and recommendations on October 4, 2013. The LaRocco panel adopted as its own the Henderson recommendations with regard to binding arbitration, standby pay, and the boot allowance. The LaRocco panel also recommended substantial wage increases in addition to increased employee cost-sharing on medical and retirement benefits,” DCEA’s representatives note.

They argued that when the council imposed the terms of its LBFO, “It rejected the findings and recommendations of the LaRocco panel and did not specifically address the findings and recommendations of the Henderson panel.”

In their analysis, they argue, “Refusing to move on economic proposals because of the existence of a ‘me too’ or ‘most favored nations’ clause has been held by the National Labor Relations Board to constitute bad faith bargaining.” They add, “Other actions showing bad faith include a failure to make counter-offers or otherwise to address proposals from the other party (Jefferson School District (1980) PERB Decision No. 133) and being completely inflexible with regard to one’s bargaining positions.”

Firefighters Unfair Labor Practices Complaint

In the meantime, the firefighters’ complaint continues.

On Tuesday, August 27, 2013, the City of Davis listed in closed session “Conference with Legal Counsel” an item, “Davis Professional Firefighters Association vs. City of Davis, Unfair Practice Charge No. SA – CE – 833 – M.”

When the Vanguard inquired as to the nature of the item, the Vanguard was informed that the city was unable to discuss the matter as it was closed session.  The Vanguard then filed a Public Records Act Request.  While personnel matters and personnel reviews are generally exempt from public disclosure, and rightly so, the moment Mr. Weist went to PERB (Public Employment Relations Board), the matter became a public record.

In his complaint, Mr. Weist claims that on March 13, 2013, he attempted to take vacation leave in a amount less than 24 hours.  He argues that no other captains were on leave at this time, but that Division Chief Shawn Kinney “denied Captain Weist’s leave, claiming that Captain Weist had not fulfilled a required number of training hours and, thus, needed to attend a training session.”

The complaint argues, “There is no set requirement for the number of training hours in the Department.  The training for which Captain Weist was scheduled on the day at issue could have been completed at another time.”

The complaint notes that he has been with the department for nearly 30 years and has been union president for the last 25 years.  They write, “Throughout Captain Weist’s tenure, the Department’s policy, practice and procedure has been to always grant leave to a Fire Captain when there are no other Fire Captains on leave, irrespective of scheduled training.”

However, the city’s response, if accurate, suggests that Mr. Weist attempted to use his vacation time to avoid training obligations and, when denied, summarily threw a fit.

The city writes that the sequence of events was that, on the morning of March 13, Captain Weist would “loudly and publicly” complain in front of his crew about this “bullshit training.”  He proclaimed “that the City would have to buy him and his firefighters dinner as the training was in the evening.”

Division Chief Kinney, in the mid-afternoon, noted that there “was a request from Captain Weist for vacation leave that same day, with a start time beginning when Weist’s engine company was to be preparing for that night’s drill.  This was the very first time Division Chief Kinney had any information to suggest that Captain Weist did not intend to go to the training scheduled for himself and his crew.”

Division Chief Kinney and Interim Fire Chief Steve Pierce discussed the matter, including the necessity of the training and the value to the firefighters, “and how difficult it would be to obtain substitute training.”  They determined, based on MOU provisions, that Mr. Weist’s “last-minute vacation request was in conflict with this important training (and) could be denied.”

Upon learning of this denial, “Weist became very angry and immediately advised Division Chief Kinney that he would be going home ‘sick.’  Captain Weist left work, and his engine company attended and completed the scheduled training under the supervision of an alternate captain assigned to them (as an overtime assignment) for the event.”

On April 9, 2013, Fire Division Chief Bruce Fry, in a memo to Captain Weist, noted in a long list of complaints that Mr. Weist does not meet current standards for things such as completing 20 hours of training each month for himself and his crew.

This is, in fact, not the first time such a problem has been noted.  The fire audit noted that his shift rarely hit its training hours and he failed to file reports in a complete and prompt matter.

In the memo it states that he will receive written evaluations monthly for the next six months.

Division Chief Fry writes, “You have over 28 years of fire experience.  It is expected the quality of your work will reflect that experience.” It adds, “Failure to meet standards during the remainder of the 1 year period will result in a recommendation for discipline.”

Mr. Weist complains that the City “refuses to provide Captain Weist an opportunity to appeal the PIP”  and that “it has never been the practice in the Department to impose PIPs.”  He argues that the PIP is subject to a meet and confer with the PFFA (Professional Fire Fighters Association).

Mr. Weist argues, “The actions of the City, in issuing Captain Weist a PIP threatening discipline and arbitrarily denying his vacation leave contrary to past practice, is a blatant retaliatory measure against Captain Weist for his union activity.  The City’s actions create an environment hostile to the union and its rights.”

The city responds that, even assuming that the chief is correct regarding past practices of prior vacation requests being granted so long as no other captain was on leave, “which the city does not concede,” the contract “gives the Fire Chief latitude to deny the request at issue in light of the needs of the service unique to the particular, multi-agency training that was scheduled long in advance of that day.”

The city has entered into a joint training consortium where they have a countywide joint training officer and shared training facilities with other cities.

The city notes, in response, that even assuming the existence of a valid “past practice,” PERB had long ago ruled “that an employer does not commit an unlawful unilateral change when it alters a past practice in a way that is consistent with a prior unenforced agreement.”

The city adds that there is no adverse action here that would support a retaliation charge.

The city notes, “Denial of a last-minute vacation request in conflict with major, multi-agency training is a legitimate and supportable action complying with the letter of the current MOU.”  They add, “How this could possibly be ‘adverse’ to Captain Weist is a bit of a mystery, in light of the fact that he got leave on the day requested (albeit it was sick leave that he opted to use when his vacation request was turned down).”

Moreover, the city notes that the PIP in and of itself is not a disciplinary or adverse action.  “An unequivocal notice of the employer’s intent to impose discipline is an adverse action,” they write.  “If the employer’s communication does not indicate that it has already a firm decision to impose discipline, that communication is not an ‘adverse action.’ “

Here the PIP is essentially a  warning that indicates that Captain Weist needs to meet standards for his position.  If he does so, the PIP will end; if he fails to do so, it “may result in extensions of the PIP” and ultimately “will result in a recommendation for discipline.”  However, that is dependent on the actions of the employee and no firm decision has been made.

Frankly, Mr. Weist seems to have gotten off easy, as he appears to have committed insubordination.  When he was denied vacation leave, it appears, from city claims and rightly so, that he called in sick to avoid having to participate in a training that he has been actively working to undermine for some time.

That move not only circumvented his direct orders but cost the city additional time in overtime to staff a captain who was not scheduled to work at that time.

In many other lines of work that would merit termination – here he basically received a warning about possible future discipline.

Mr. Weist did not respond to an email request back in August for information on this incident from the Vanguard.

—David M. Greenwald reporting

About The Author

David Greenwald is the founder, editor, and executive director of the Davis Vanguard. He founded the Vanguard in 2006. David Greenwald moved to Davis in 1996 to attend Graduate School at UC Davis in Political Science. He lives in South Davis with his wife Cecilia Escamilla Greenwald and three children.

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  1. Tia Will

    “In many other lines of work that would merit termination – here he basically received a warning about possible future discipline.”

    This is key for me. I cannot imagine a job in which outright insubordination, blatant misuse of a benefit ( sick leave when obviously not ill), deliberate increase in cost to an employer in the form of short notice of “inability” to work necessitating coverage, and undermining the value of required training would be tolerated. How this can be interpreted as retaliation when discipline for any one of these actions, let alone taken in their entirety, would be the norm is beyond me.

  2. Davis Progressive

    this is a far more dangerous move than people will first think. who knows how a perb board will rule. this is exactly why we cannot risk people like sheila allen, lucas frerichs and dan wolk on the council who will cow-tell to the employees. i’m sure happy that sheila didn’t get endorsed by the dta, because fire and police are on her side. and there she was hobknobbing with the union bosses on pinkerton’s grave.

  3. Tia Will


    And this I think is the real harm that Mr Weist has done to not only the community as a whole, but to public employees as a group. It is very easy to paint everyone with the same brush and we see it frequently. These were the actions of one man, not all of the firefighters, and certainly not those of the members of any other unionized group. Mr. Weist should be judged on his own actions and everyone else, likewise should be judged on their own.
    For me this has nothing to do with any of the candidates, but with Mr. Weist alone.

    Do you really believe that as adults we are not all responsible for our own actions ?

    1. Davis Progressive

      the judgment is that the candidates associate with people like weist, they are influenced by people like weist, and they get called on that. you get into bed with the snake, what does that make you?

  4. Oyster

    He should of been required to verify his need for sick leave with a doctors note. Use of sick leave, just because someone doesn’t want to be at work, is abuse of the benefit and is grounds for discipline.

    1. David Greenwald

      That’s a good question. It seemed like the city got impatient in putting the issue to rest in 2010 and rushed to impose the LBFO. However, the city learned from that experience and this time around, crossed all their eyes, dotted all of their T’s. The complaint here is that they negotiated in bad faith based on the fact that they never moved off their original offer or made a counter-proposal.

      Will a PERB board agree with that complaint? Whereas in 2010, they clearly violated the law, this issue is more a matter of degrees and a gray area interpretation.

  5. South of Davis

    Ryan wrote:

    > I’d say that he needs to be demoted and we find a captain who will show up for work.

    Good luck demoting or firing him (or any other union member).

    There is a long tradition in many fire departments (I’m just talking about the departments where my friends work NOT Davis) where older guys didn’t have to go to training any more (or do any manual labor around the station). I’m wondering if Davis made some kind of recent change forcing senior guys like Bobby to go to training. I know my friends in their 50’s close to retirement would not be happy if someone told them they have to go to training (or clean a truck)…

  6. Ryan Kelly

    I think in Bobby Weist’s case, he was supposed to lead his crew in the training. That’s different than him personally needing training. I don’t think he can provide a reason why the Captain’s involvement in the his crew’s training is unnecessary or optional. He is paid to show up for work and do whatever task is demanded during the time that we pay him. He doesn’t have a choice here. That he thinks he does, tells me that we need a new employee. Remember, he was promoted into this position over other more qualified people. He really doesn’t deserve the job that he stole from another, so he should at least try to meet the demands of the job.

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