Two bills that would provide over $6 billion for state transportation funding, including $2.25 billion for local streets and roads were introduced back on December 5 in SB 1 (Senator Jim Beall) and AB 1 (Assemblymember Jim Frazier).
According to a release from Senator Beall’s office, the “Legislation that would rejuvenate California’s aging transportation infrastructure while sustaining over 550,000 jobs was introduced today by Senator Jim Beall.”
“Without action soon, our crumbling roads will severely affect California’s economy,’’ said Senator Beall, the immediate past chair of the Senate Transportation and Housing Committee. “Long commutes affect the hiring and retention of employees, forcing more workers to leave the state.
He added, “There will be a point when employers will look at this and decide they’re better off doing business somewhere else. We can avoid these problems by re-investing in our roads.’’
Senate President pro Tempore Kevin de León said investing in road repairs and mass transit benefits everyone in the state.
“Californians from every corner of the state demand action to fix our aging roads and transportation infrastructure,’’ Senator de León said. “By reducing our notorious traffic congestion, improving safety, and expanding access to public transit, this measure will make a meaningful difference in the lives of millions of California residents.”
According to the release, Senate Bill 1 proposes to pump an additional $6 billion annually into road repairs and mass transit, by readjusting the state’s obsolete gas tax and reform the user-pays system to ensure all motorists contribute their fair share to the maintenance of the roads.
Six billion dollars in revenue would be created by increases to taxes on gas, diesel, and vehicle fees. Among them:
- Increasing the per-gallon gas tax by 12 cents in phases over three years; 6 cents the first year to 9 cents in the second year and 12 cents in the third year. Ending Board of Equalization’s annual adjustment of the price-based per-gallon gas excise tax rate to 17.3 cents. The two changes would raise $2.9 billion annually.
- Increasing the diesel excise tax by 20 cents and the sales tax by 4 percent; raising $853 million in revenue annually.
- Enact an annual $100 fee on zero-emission vehicles and increase annual registration fee for all vehicles by $38 per vehicle, raising about $1 billion annually.
The revenue raised under SB 1 will be shared on a 50/50 basis by the state and local governments.
The bill would return $500 million in vehicle weight fees currently used for transportation debt service back to road maintenance. The revenue would be gradually returned in $100 million increments over five years.
The bill calls for speeding up the repayment of $706 million in loans made to the General Fund from various transportation-related accounts.
It also increases the Cap and Trade allocation for mass transit, doubling the current allocations for the Transit and Intercity Rail Capital Program and the Low Carbon Transit Operations Program.
SB 1 seeks up to $70 million in Caltrans efficiencies and reserves those savings for human-powered transportation, such as bicycle and pedestrian.
Other reforms include creating the Office of Transportation Inspector General, an independent agency to ensure transportation funds are used efficiently and in compliance with laws.
SB 1 has the potential to support nearly 550,000 jobs in construction, trades, and supplies. Many of the jobs will provide a middle-class salary and provide medical benefits. In addition, the bill requires the projects funded through it must engage in pre-apprenticeship programs and include low-income and disadvantaged individuals.
Meanwhile Assemblymember Frazier believes that AB 1 is “a sensible and realistic approach to tackling California’s crumbling transportation infrastructure.”
“My commitment to passing a comprehensive funding plan that addresses California’s failing transportation system will not waiver,” stated Assemblymember Frazier. “This proposal dedicates billions to road and highway repairs that our state so desperately needs while also creating tens of thousands of good paying jobs.”
“AB1 represents an adult-in-the-room approach to meeting the vital, long-term needs of California’s transportation system. This proposal would raise an additional $6 billion in annual funding to repair state and local roads, improve trade corridors and support public transit. Also included are measures related to accountability and streamlining of project delivery,” the release stated.
“The transportation crisis in California affects each and every part of our state. If we don’t step up and solve it, our economy will decline and the people we represent will suffer,” said Assembly Speaker Anthony Rendon (D-Paramount). “Transportation funding has traditionally been a bipartisan issue and our goal is to work across the aisle to come to a comprehensive solution.”
“We have been working closely with Assemblyman Frazier for more than two years on a variety of concepts to provide the resources local governments need to fix our roads and bridges,” said Kiana Valentine, Legislative Advocate for the California State Association of Counties. “It’s no secret that our vital infrastructure is crumbling and we’re at a tipping point. We urge the Governor and Legislative Leadership to keep their promise to advance this vital legislation early in the 2017 session.”
The League of California Cities has summarized the key provisions of each proposal:
- Establishes local reporting requirements. Requires cities and counties to send the California Transportation Commission (CTC) a list of projects they propose to fund with Road Maintenance and Rehabilitation Account (RMRA) funds, specifying the location, description, proposed schedule, and estimated useful life for each project each fiscal year.
- Requires cities and counties to maintain existing general fund levels for transportation funding. Requires cities and counties to maintain their general fund transportation levels at equal to or greater than their annual average expenditures during FY 2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12, which is known as a maintenance of effort requirement. Authorizes the State Controller’s Office to audit local governments for compliance and subject local governments to reimbursing the state for non-compliance.
- Makes permanent the National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) delegation authority. Permanently extends the authority for Caltrans to participate in the federal NEPA delegation pilot program, which allows projects involving federal funds to be delivered faster.
- Promotes employment and training opportunities through pre-apprenticeship. Requires state and local agencies to create programs that promote employment in advanced construction through pre-apprenticeship as a condition of receiving RMRA funds.
- Incorporates “complete streets” design concept into the Highway Design Manual. Requires Caltrans to incorporate the “complete streets” design concept into the Highway Design Manual.
- Restores independence to the CTC. Moves the CTC from the California State Transportation Agency, establishing it as its own entity within state government to help it fulfill its oversight role.
- Creates the Office of Transportation Inspector General as an independent entity and office within state government. Its role will be to ensure that all other state agencies that receive state transportation funds are operating efficiently, effectively, and in compliance with federal and state laws. The Governor appoints the inspector general to a six-year term and the inspector general will be authorized to conduct audits and investigations involving state transportation funds with all affected state agencies.
- Permanently extends and expands the limited CEQA exemption for transportation repair, maintenance, and minor alteration projects to existing roadways. Deletes the Jan. 1, 2020 sunset of the existing law and expand the exemption to cities and counties with populations greater than 100,000 and apply the exemption to state roadways.
- Creates an Advanced Mitigation program for transportation projects. Authorizes the Natural Resources Agency to prepare, approve, and implement advance mitigation plans for one or more planned transportation projects. An advanced mitigation plan is defined as a regional or statewide plan that estimates the potential future mitigation requirements for one or more transportation projects and identifies mitigation projects, sites, or credits that would fulfill some or all of those requirements. Authorizes the agency to administer the program, establish mitigation banks, secure areas for the purpose of providing mitigation, and allow transportation agencies to use mitigation credits to fulfill mitigation requirements. The program’s intention is to supplant existing CEQA requirements, not substitute for them.
Additional Revenues (Approximate)
- $1.8 billion from a 12 cent increase to the gasoline excise tax, adjusted every three years for inflation. The revenue generated from this particular increase will help restore the gas tax’s lost purchasing power due to inflation. The funds attributable to the 12 cent increase would be transferred to the newly created RMRA for distribution.
- Key Difference: SB 1 phases in the 12 cent increase over three years, while AB 1 does not include a phase-in period.
- $1.1 billion from ending the Board of Equalization “true up” and resetting the rate to the historical average of 17.3 cents per gallon, adjusted every three years for inflation. This provision “resets” the price based excise tax on gasoline to its original rate of 17.3 cents. Funds would be distributed using current formulas.
- $1.3 billion from a $38 increase to the Vehicle Registration Fee, adjusted every three years for inflation. After the California Department of Motor Vehicles deducts its administrative costs from imposing and collecting the fee, the funds from the increase will be deposited into the RMRA for distribution.
- $500 million from restoration of half the truck weight fees to transportation projects. Phase-in restoration of truck weight fee revenue over a five-year period and half will no longer be allowed to be transferred out of the state highway account (SHA) after FY 2020-21. The funds remain in the SHA, which prevents HUTA funds from the variable gas tax from having to offset the SHA weight fee transfer.
- Key Difference: SB 1 phases-in a percentage of the truck weight fees back to transportation projects, while AB 1 phases-in specific weight fee amounts every year. SB 1 caps the weight fee transfer at 50 percent in FY 2020-21, while AB caps the weight fee transfer at $500 million in FY 2020-21.
- $600 million from a 20 cent per gallon increase to the diesel excise tax, adjusted every three years for inflation. The funds attributable to the 20 cent increase to the diesel excise tax would be transferred to the Trade Corridors Improvement Fund (TCIF). Federal FAST Act funds for freight will be deposited into the TCIF.
- $300 million from unallocated Cap-and-Trade funds. This continuous appropriation of Cap-and-Trade funds is estimated to double the amount going towards the Transit and Intercity Rail Capital Program and the Low Carbon Transit Operations Program.
- $263 million from 3.5 percent increase to the diesel sales tax. The funds generated through the additional 3.5 percent increase to the diesel sales tax are estimated to deposit $263 million into the State Transportation Account for transit and intercity rail purposes.
- Key Difference: SB 1 would impose an additional 0.5 percent to this sales tax which would generate a $40 million set aside for intercity rail and commuter rail.
- $60 million from miscellaneous transportation revenues. Deletes the transfer of miscellaneous revenues to the Transportation Debt Service Fund and instead redirect the funds to the RMRA.
- $20 million from Vehicle Registration Fee on zero emission vehicles, starting in the second year of ownership, adjusted every three years for inflation. Per the authors, this provision will help make up for the fact that owners of zero emission vehicles do not pay any gas tax to maintain the roads they drive on. Revenues would be deposited into the RMRA for distribution.
- Key Difference: SB 1 imposes a $100 Vehicle Registration Fee on zero emission vehicles generating, while AB 1 imposes a $165 Vehicle Registration Fee.
The revenues generated from these proposals, would provide the following allocations:
From the $3.2 billion in the RMRA:
- State Highway System — $1.45 billion annually for maintenance and rehabilitation of the state highway system.
- Local Streets and Roads — $1.45 billion annually for maintenance and rehabilitation of local streets and roads.
- Self-help counties — $200 million for existing and aspiring self-help counties.
- Active Transportation Programs — $80 million annually for Active Transportation and up to an additional $70 million through Caltrans efficiencies.
- Advanced Mitigation — $120 million one-time funds for implementation of the Advanced Mitigation program over the first four years.
- California State University — $2 million for transportation research and workforce training.
- Key Difference: University of California — $3 million under AB 1 for the Institute for Transportation Studies.
From restoration/returned revenue from the HUTA:
- State Transportation Improvement Program — $770 million annually for capital projects and improvements on the state’s highway system.
- State Highway Operation and Protection Program — $210 million annually for maintenance and rehabilitation of the state highway system.
- Local Streets and Roads — $770 million annually for local streets and roads.
From Cap-and-Trade revenues and diesel tax increase:
- Transit and Intercity Rail — $563 million annually for transit and intercity rail capital projects and operations, $40 million additionally set aside for intercity and commuter rail under SB 1.
From the TCIF:
- Freight, trade corridors, and goods movement — $600 million annually for freight, trade corridors, and goods movement.
From loan Repayments:
- $706 million one-time funds for transportation loan repayment.