Letter: Police Oppose Federal Menthol Ban Proposal

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Menthol Bans Fail to Reduce Smoking While Creating Additional Tensions Between Police & Communities of Color

On Wednesday, the Law Enforcement Action Partnership released a letter sent to the FDA this week urging federal regulators to reject a citizen proposal to ban menthol tobacco products.  Banning drugs is an escalation of the drug war, a policy scheme that Americans across the political spectrum agree isn’t working.

To: Mitch Zeller, JD
Director, Center for Tobacco Products

Dear Mr. Zeller,

I write to you both as a retired lieutenant and as the executive director of the Law Enforcement Action Partnership (LEAP). LEAP is a nonprofit group of police, prosecutors, judges, and other criminal justice professionals who speak from firsthand experience to endorse evidence-based public safety policies. Our mission is to make communities safer by focusing law enforcement resources on the most serious priorities, promoting alternatives to arrest and incarceration, addressing the root causes of crime, and healing police-community relations.

I speak on behalf of more than 5,000 current and retired members of law enforcement across the country. We believe law enforcement voices should be heard in consideration of tobacco bans because they know just how much these prohibitions damage trust between police and communities of color without effectively reducing youth tobacco use.

The mere idea that we should legally prohibit menthol, the preferred choice of Black smokers, disregards the legacy of tension — as well as the present conflict — between police and communities of color. I was an officer during Rodney King, yet I have never seen such a high level of sustained tension between police and communities as we have witnessed together since the murders of George Floyd Breonna Taylor, Daunte Wright, and others.

Prohibiting menthol and other flavors creates an underground market. Demand is high, supply is scarce, and people who need the income — such as those living in low-income communities — have a financial incentive to illegally sell those products.

We all know how this story goes. Last year, an unarmed 14-year-old Black child in Rancho Cordova was assaulted by an officer over a cigarillo. In 2014, Eric Garner, an unarmed Black man and father of six, was choked to death while being arrested for selling loose cigarettes. These interactions destroy police-community trust and make our difficult jobs that much harder. People who do not trust us do not report crimes, even when they themselves are the victim. People who do not trust police are not just mistrusting; they are afraid. They are more afraid of us than they are of being victimized again.

What this says about our laws is that we have to think deliberately about what we ask police to enforce. Creating more reason for police to enter communities of color and have negative interactions is bad for all of us.

We also need to look at history and see what happens when a product is banned. The prohibition of alcohol and the laws against marijuana both provide excellent examples. Thus far, menthol products have been able to be obtained legally and so they are manufactured and sold by regulated businesses. That means ensuring the product goes through rigid quality control, that the market is professionally run, and that those selling them don’t sell to kids. It also means a lot of tax revenue.

If menthol becomes illegal however, none of this will apply. As we saw with alcohol and marijuana, when a popular product is banned, that just means the market will be run by criminal organizations who can make huge profits in this space to finance all of their other activities. They will grow stronger and more dangerous.

But if we know what doesn’t work, we also know what does. Instead of giving the police yet another public health problem we cannot fix, we should instead invest in anti-smoking education and prevention resources for the communities that need it most.

Anyone who cares about public safety, public health, and the growing divide between police and communities, especially communities of color, should be alarmed by thoughts of a menthol ban. If it passes, we can expect more negative interactions between police and communities, and stronger criminal organizations with little change in tobacco use. Please include law enforcement voices in the consideration of the lawsuit — they will tell you that a menthol ban would be bad for police-community trust, weaken protections for children, and strengthen criminal organizations, all with little effect on supply or demand. We’ve seen it with alcohol, we’ve seen it with marijuana. I beg you not to let it happen with menthol.

Thank you for your time,

Lieutenant Diane Goldstein (Ret.)
Executive Director of the Law Enforcement Action Partnership

 

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12 thoughts on “Letter: Police Oppose Federal Menthol Ban Proposal”

  1. Alan Miller

    From NPR:

    “Banning menthol — the last allowable flavor — in cigarettes and banning all flavors in cigars will help save lives, particularly among those disproportionately affected by these deadly products,” Acting FDA Commissioner Dr. Janet Woodcock said ina statementThursday. “With these actions, the FDA will help significantly reduce youth initiation, increase the chances of smoking cessation among current smokers, and address health disparities experienced by communities of color, low-income populations, and LGBTQ+ individuals, all of whom are far more likely to use these tobacco products.”

    We are truly through the progressive looking glass on this one.  Leftist administration takes progressive step to ban products that ‘disproportionally harm’ the listed communities to ‘help’ them like mother hen and make tobacco part of the drug war, then progressives call out the increase in the drug war and how this will disproportionately affect marginalized communities.  WTF?

    The drug war is a failure.  In my adulthood, marijuana has gone from a substance YONET would raid students at UCD in dorms, and flipped over to a loved and accepted substance and we have legal dispensaries in Davis!  Meanwhile, tobacco has gone from being legally smoked openly inside restaurants and bars with people eating their food, often without even a non-smoking section, to being banned from the UCD campus and inside buildings, and now flavors are banned.  Jeez, we are a nutty people.

    This isn’t drug of the month.  Let people make their own mistakes, don’t arrest people for using substances when it doesn’t infringe on others, and when their use of substances cause them to infringe on others and break other laws, throw the book at them, and offer them help when and if they are truly ready to accept it.

    1. David Greenwald

      The flaw in your analysis is this: “Leftist administration” – progressive reformers are not in favor of this. This is like old school center-left policy 101.

      1. Keith Olsen

        Leftist administration

        Oh this is a “Leftist administration”.  Biden may not be so inclined but the people pulling his strings and the ones who are actually running the country are.

        What’s next, sugar?

        1. Alan Miller

          KO, LOL, I’m sure sugary drinks disproportionately harm marginalized populations, so we must ban them, but this will increase encounters with the police over contraband soda  😐

          1. David Greenwald

            But the sugary drink tax was a tax and it targeted distributors not pushing enforcement into marginalized communities, I know you think you’re being funny, but there is a big difference.

  2. Edgar Wai

    If implemented, the FDA’s enforcement of any ban on menthol cigarettes and all flavored cigars will only address manufacturers, distributors, wholesalers, importers and retailers. The FDA cannot and will not enforce against individual consumer possession or use of menthol cigarettes or any tobacco product. The FDA will work to make sure that any unlawful tobacco products do not make their way onto the market.

    Does this mean that the law bans black market (Street corner) or only bans the white market (Safeway)?

    1. Ron Oertel

      I’m waiting for someone to bring up the term “systemic racism” regarding the entire issue.

      There – I just did. 🙂

      Or, “white supremacy”, if you prefer that term.

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