Texas Appeals Court Stays Execution Date for Michael Gonzales on Claims of Prosecutorial Misconduct, Intellectual Disability

By Veronica Miller and Jaanvi Kaur

AUSTIN, TX – After a 169-page petition filed by the defense team for Michael Gonzales in the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, the justices issued a stay of execution late last week here.

Gonzales, convicted for murder of his next door neighbors in 1994, argued in his petition that there were extensive flaws in the case investigation and other possible suspects. In the petition, it also discusses fingerprint and physical evidence that went untested – the defense counsel argues that this could help in proving that Gonzales is innocent.

Defense lawyers also charged evidence was withheld by prosecutors, including a history of misconduct and fabrication of evidence by the lead police investigator.

Despite bringing evidence of untested evidence and his possible innocence, the court refused to review those claims and require further DNA testing.

The court did agree to look into the claims of misconduct and intellectual disability of Gonzales.

In the original trial in 1994, three fingerprints had been found on a stereo that was stolen from the victims’ home. These fingerprints along with a questionable testimony from a county jailer let to the conviction of Gonzales of the crime.

In the weeks leading up to his execution 136 “lost” fingerprint cards were found. Of the 136 cards only six had ever been tested. After having the cards looked at by a fingerprint examiner it was found that there were at least 60 other fingerprints that were found.

Lawyers argued evidence of a blood stain on the shirt of another suspect was never tested at the time of the initial investigation. Later it was found that the blood on the shirt belonged to the victims. With the fingerprints and the blood stains being connected to the victims, Gonzales’ defense counsel argues he’s innocent.

Gonzales’ pleading claims that the prosecution concealed exculpatory evidence and evidence of police misconduct that would have impeached the key prosecution testimony.

The petition identifies proof of Det. Sergeant Snow Robinson, the lead police investigator in the case, had a “history of falsifying reports, jumping to unfounded conclusions about suspects, manufacturing evidence, and providing false testimony.”

According to Gonzales’ counsel, Det. Robinson had been previously removed by the El Paso Police Department for many episodes of misconduct, including abusing subjects and lying on official forms. He also resigned from the Odessa Police Department after accusations of multiple acts of misconduct.

While he was employed at the Odessa Police Department, he had multiple suspensions and committed acts of physical abuse and even falsified reports claiming accused individuals had “blurted out” confessions privately to him.

The petition also claimed that prosecution concealed a memorandum that Det. Robinson falsely testified when he told the jury he consulted with Dr. Ben Villalon, a pepper expert from Texas A & M, in an attempt to link Gonzales to the crime.

He claimed to have consulted Dr. Villalon about Chile peppers found beneath one of the victim’s bodies and other Chile peppers found at Gonzales’ houses, and how the peppers were “very, very rare for this area”.

The memorandum was prepared by a staff member of the Ector County District Attorney’s office, and she claims that after speaking with Dr. Villalon, he stated nothing alluding to the rareness of the peppers in the Odessa area.

Rather, noted defense lawyers in the petition, it only showed that Det. Robinson asked Dr. Villalon to compare the peppers and Dr. Villalon concluded that “all he could say was that the peppers appeared to be the same to him”. He told the DA’s office that “he didn’t see how he would be useful” in the case as this was all he had to say.

In his petition Gonzales also claimed that he is ineligible for the death penalty due to intellectual disability. He cited the 2002 Supreme Court decision in Atkins v. Virginia prohibiting the death penalty for those with intellectual disability.

Gonzales has undergone psychological testing that confirms that he falls within the range of intellectual disability. He also drew attention to his qualified deficits in adaptive function that further help in showing his intellectual disability.

Gonzales’ counsel states, “Gonzales was a vulnerable target for myopic police investigation in which his friends could assist the police in charging and prosecuting him with what they had done.”

They added that due to his intellectual disability Gonzales was vulnerable to “becoming the prosecutorial target for murders he did not commit” and that he was “subject to being used by others to take the blame for wrongful things they did, and always willing to take the blame and not ‘snitch’ on others.”

About The Author

Veronica is a senior at UC Davis majoring in Political Science Public Service. She is passionate about advocating for women's rights and plans on attending law school where she can continue to advocate.

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