By Crescenzo Vellucci
Vanguard Capitol Bureau
DUBLIN, CA – A Bay Area civil rights attorney told The Vanguard hours before a widespread Santa Rita Jail hunger strike and work stoppage began here this week that “deliberate neglect” – citing at least one recent death and prisoners not getting fed all day – was the reason the direct action started.
Oakland attorney Yolanda Huang said the strike was in the making after an incident Oct. 18 when some people in 31E Housing Unit did not receive any food until 5 p.m….but it was “prompted” by a death.
“The strike was prompted by a death that occurred in the early morning hours of Oct. 26, when a young man obviously was in medical distress and the guards did not respond for a very long time. We have now heard that he died. It is this type of deliberate neglect that is fueling the strike. Santa Rita Jail treats prisoners’ lives as not worth caring about,” said Huang.
“Santa Rita is one of the worst jails in the Bay Area. They are extremely disorganized, and the facility is dirty despite the fact that they received $430 million a year.” Nine people have died in custody in 2019, she said to reporters.
Huang stressed it is more than a hunger strike at Santa Rita – a notorious county jail since at least the 80s.
“It is a work stoppage, refusal to participate in jail, no slave labor – no laundry workers, no kitchen workers, no going to court, no cleaning as slaves. This jail runs on slave labor. Everyone who works in this jail works for free,” Huang said.
Huang explained that even though prisoners cook food and do laundry, they are not paid, and don’t even get a reduced sentence.
“The most they get out of working is a few food treats…like dogs,” she said.
Huang – who represents female inmates in a federal lawsuit at Santa Rita – said the men’s hunger strike began late Wednesday. She released a statement for the several dozen hunger strikers.
“Cell sanitation is at a crisis point. Detainees are only provided cleaning supplies once a week. The supplies provided are insufficient as is the time allotted to effectively clean cells, sinks, showers, toilets, and floors. Blood-sucking gnats swarm the showers and cells. Detainees are contracting lice, bed bugs, and flesh-eating staph infections from the MRSA virus,” according to the statement.
Apparently inmates are only allowed to access cleaning supplies for 15 minutes a week, and can have up to 30 men in one dormitory-style cell.
“You can imagine what that bathroom looks like with 30 people using the bathroom every day for 24 hours a day,” Huang said, noting that inmates with drug addictions are housed with the general population, and get sick, any with “loose bowels,” exacerbating the bathroom situation.
“Everyone is breathing it, living with it, and it’s a horrible, horrible situation,” she said at a press conference Wednesday in front of the flagpole at the entrance to Santa Rita Jail.
Complete Strike Statement and Strike Demands, released by inmates at Santa Rita Jail:
Strike Statement: Cell sanitation is at a crisis point. Detainees are only provided cleaning supplies once a week. The supplies provided are insufficient as is the time allotted to effectively clean their cells, sinks, showers, toilets, and floors. Blood-sucking gnats swarm the showers and cells. Detainees are contracting lice, bed bugs, and flesh-eating staph infections from the MRSA virus.
The protocols for sanitation are illogical. Detainees are only given one set of clothes for the week, to include one shower towel. This policy is in stark contrast to most other jails that provide four (4) sets or more of clothes per week.
New clothes are exchanged every Friday. Cell cleaning is scheduled every Saturday. Forcing citizen detainees to clean their cells, floors bathrooms, and showers in clean clothes and then sit in their new dirty clothes for the remaining six (6) days of the week. This is indignant and punitive treatment.
Homeless detainees are exchanged out of their filthy clothes and into clean jail-issued clothes without being showered or sanitized. They are then sent to filthy holding cells to sit and lay down in vomit, urine, feces, semen, food, and dirt-stained floors until they are transported to their new housing unit. They are then introduced to a dormitory cell shared by as many as 30 other detainees, comprised of regular citizens serving terms for drunk driving, drug possession, domestic violence, or awaiting their court dates, etc. Upon arrival to the dorm unit, known as a ‘pod,’ they are mandated to shower in the singular shower stall shared by all dorm mates. This spreads lice, bed bugs, and infectious diseases like MRSA; creating an obvious health hazard and public safety problem.
In the worst case detainees are exposed to heroin addicts introduced to the dorm without any medication. The heroin addicts involuntarily defecate on themselves, the floors, toilets, and showers creating an enormous biohazard. Rather than caring for the heroin addict in the infirmary, the detainees are made to tend to the addict, clean up the addict and his messes, and suffer the indignity, smell, and infectious disease risks associated with these intravenous drug users. The risk of exposure to Hepatitis, C-Difficil, Psuedomonis, E. Coli, and other infectious diseases is an illogical risk to the detainees and public health in general.
The jail is suffering continuous lockdowns due to insufficient resources, manpower, and apparent funding. Consequently, citizen detainees are being ‘locked down’ in their cells in excess of 22 hours a day. Family and attorney visits are being canceled due to lack of manpower to walk detainees to their visits. In many cases, families and attorneys who are traveling in excess of two (2) hours and/or flying in are being denied their visits upon arriving at the jail. They are given no notice and are having to return home. This is creating frustrations and costs that are unnecessary.
Detainees are being gouged by commissary prices, for personal food and supplies, that exceed 800% markup over retail store prices. For example, a single pack of Top Ramen noodle soup costs thirteen cents ($0.13) at Safeway. Its commissary price is one dollar and thirteen cents ($1.13).
Detainees are being gouged by excessive calling costs. The cost to place a call is twenty-three cents ($0.23) per minute with a 15-minute limit, and phones are limited. This is costly and punitive to detainees, their families, and lawyers. All calls are also recorded and monitored, precluding detainees from mounting their defense with counsel or speaking candidly or intimately to their loved ones.
For federal detainees the jail is required to have a law library. It does not! This precludes federal detainees from being able to mount their defense, creating a liability for the government, in that it gives those convicted an immediate appeal.
Detainees are being deprived of access to personal electronics commonly available at other jails. They are suffering the ability to remain connected and engaged to their families, jobs, and the world in general. For an otherwise innocent detainee this exacerbates their personal and professional hardship, costing many their relationships, jobs, and income; and precludes them from accessing the legal resources and intelligence to defend themselves. Detainees are requesting reinstatement of their ability to call, text, email, and use the internet to carry on their lives.
Santa Rita needs to evolve its systems and methods away from this punitive justice system and demoralizing, inhumane treatment of citizens and drug addicts to a modernized system and methods of restorative justice! The current system does not make our communities any safer! To the contrary, it makes them less secure! We need to build people up, make them productive and restore their health and vitality.
Prisoners of Santa Rita Jail Demands:
- Food- more variety of food options that include fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Costs of Commissary- prices at commissary should match the federal rates. Aramark needs to lower their rate, or a new supplier should be found.
- Cost of telephone calls and access- prices for phone calls are too high, access and availability to too low. We want our own personal electronics with access to email, text messaging, and internet so we can access Netflix and other accounts
- Clothing- 2 sets of Blues, 4 sets of shirts, socks, and underwear, 2 sets of workout clothes. With exchange availability twice a week.
- Law Library- We need access to the law library. If access is not granted, we are willing to access legal material via the internet.
- Cell Cleaning- We want the option to clean our pods twice a week. We want clean mops with clean water; clean brushes and towels; more than 1 bottle of disinfectant solution per pod; better floor and shower cleaning supplies; pesticides that will kill bloodsucking gnats.
- Mail- more reliable and on-time delivery especially for newspapers and an expedited method of sending mail.
- Bedding – Exchange Blankets monthly. Improve mattresses. Too thin..too old..too dirty. Provide Pillows!!
- Personal Disinfectants: Add to Commissary, make more easily available from the nurse/medics: Topical antibiotics, bandaids, athlete’s foot spray, Hydrogen peroxide/disinfectant, Personal sanitation supplies, Barbicide for hair clippers.
- Family & Attorney visits: Stop placing prisoners in lockdown within 6 hours of visit, notify prisoners they have upcoming video visits, allow video visits to begin in lockdown, Technicians should be set up to monitor communications.
- Upgrade TV & Speakers – hard to see; hard to hear.
- Stop turning phones off – promote family communication. Allow prisoners easy access to call attorneys.
- Mandatory POD and Out of Cell Time – Reduce Lock down times. 10 hours a day for minimum security prisoners!!
- Mandatory yard access – daily outdoor exercise
- Adhere to State regulatory minimums – Title 15 standards
- Stop recording personal and legal phone calls for pre-trial detainees. Interferes with prisoners’ right to legal representation and mount a legal defense.
- Mandatory mealtimes. Stop having arbitrary mealtimes: Breakfast – 5:30 – 7:30 am, Lunch – 11 am – 1 pm, Dinner – 5 pm – 7 pm.
- Inmate Intake Sanitation. All incoming inmates must shower and clean hands, fingernails and toenails before receiving clothing and housing unit assignments. Jail needs to control bed bugs, lice, staph, and other infectious diseases. Stop arresting the homeless! And if they are arrested they must be clean before being placing in housing units.
- Clean the holding tanks and dress out rooms (for women)! Hot mop, pressure wash, bleach, pick up the garbage and disinfecting agents once a day. Holding tanks are filthy and health hazards.
- Clean the multi-purpose rooms and all prisoner holding cells, daily with hot mops and disinfectants.
- Coordinate clothing and bedding exchange immediately after Housing Unit cleanings.
- Get Body Scanners. Stop the strip searches – they are ineffective, not yielding seizures, uncomfortable and dehumanizing. Adopt best practices.
- Stop shackling minimum security prisoners during federal transport and demoralizing
- Provide signage and intake paper relating mutual terms and conditions of respect, conduct and privileges between detainees and deputies.
- Assign key holders by ethnicity/affiliation to maintain order of rules. Self-police to reduce manpower burden on deputies in minimum security environments.