Racial Justice Act Introduced in Legislature to End Racial Disparities in the Criminal Justice System


Assemblymember Ash Kalra officially introduced the California Racial Justice Act, a landmark bill that addresses racial discrimination in criminal sentencing and convictions.  The action was part of the California Anti-Death Penalty Coalition’s Lobby Day.   The announcement occurred one year after the announcement by Governor Newsom put a moratorium on the death penalty.

Assemblymember Ash Kalra served as a public defender in Santa Clara County for more than a decade, noted that “once a public defender, always a public defender.”

The assemblymember agreed with the governor “that the criminal justice system is ‘a racist system, you cannot deny that, it is a system that is perpetuating inequality.’  That statement stands true today as it did when I was a public defender.”

He said he was honored that “we are taking a profound step forward in the fight to eliminate racial discrimination in our criminal justice system.”

The assemblymember introduced AB 2200, The California Racial Justice Act, which will prohibit racial discrimination in convictions and sentences.  The act will prohibit it in all convictions and sentences.  It also creates a process to challenge racial bias in trial or following conviction.

“California’s Civil Rights law clearly prohibits discrimination in housing, in employment, and public accommodation,” he said.  “But nowhere in California law is there a clear statement that racial discrimination will not be tolerated in our criminal justice system.

“The opposite is happening right now,” the assemblymember stated.  In his 11 years as a public defender, “I have seen racial discrimination first hand in the court system.  I have seen too many brown and black faces, young men, that question not just the system but ultimately themselves, what their role in society is, and whether they’ve been left behind.”

For years, discrimination in the criminal justice system has been written off as inevitable, unfixable or “harmless error,” however, the assemblymember argued “racial discrimination in the criminal justice system is not harmless.”  Nor is it inevitable.  “We can no longer accept racial bias in the criminal justice system as unfixable.

“We, who believe in justice, must confront racism in the courts,” he said.

Assemblymember Kalra was joined by Assemblymember Mark Stone.

“If we stop talking about race in California, it’s the racists ultimately who win,” he said.  “It’s not always easy to identify where that bias is built into our system.”

Assemblymember Stone also pushed his bill, AB 2512, which would prohibit the execution of people with intellectual disabilities.

While the Supreme Court has ruled such executions are unconstitutional, the definition of such can difficult.  “We know there are people on death row with intellectual disabilities,” the assemblymember said on Wednesday.

In addition, “that has been a tool that has been used to profile against various races,” he said.  “That has given prosecutors free rein to put people on death row who do not deserve to be there.

“Racism is difficult to ferret out,” he said, arguing it will take a number of bills to get it out of the criminal justice system.

“Death row still exists,” he said.  “Once this governor’s gone, if we do not complete this work then California, I’m afraid, might go back to executing people on death row.  We’re all very clear on the injustices that means.”

Beth Webb is the sister of a person killed in the Seal Beach Mass shooting—the Scott Dekraii case in which Scott Sanders uncovered massive amounts of scandal in the Orange County Sheriff’s Department and OC District Attorney’s Office.

Ms. Webb’s mother was the only survivor of that shooting.  This was supposed to be an open and shut case, and yet, she said she spent the next six years in court “watching the Orange County Sheriff and the Orange County District Attorney cheat—that’s not an opinion, it was upheld in a California Court.”

The trial judge in the case, threw the Orange County DA off the case, as “they could not be trusted to try the case.”

She said that she was theoretically against the death penalty, but she didn’t know how she would feel if it happened to someone she loved.

“I found out—it solidified my opposition,” she said.  The criminal justice system, she found out, was worse than she feared.  “You’re not going to heal my family or give us closure or justice by taking someone else’s life.”

Brendon Woods, the chief public defender of Alameda County and the first person of color, the first black person, to be in that position, spoke.

“I’m also the only black person as a chief public defender in the state of California,” he said.  “If you hear that—you should be ashamed.

“I work in Oakland, Berkeley, the home of the Black Panthers, and it wasn’t until 2012 that a black person held this position,” he said.  “You want to talk about racial injustice—that’s it, right there.”

Mr. Woods spoke about his uncle who raised him.  He got 27 years and was convicted—“there wasn’t a single black person on his jury.”

One of his attorneys, an African American, said that over 50 percent of her clients have been black.  “She can count the number of jurors who decided their cases who were black—on one hand,” he said.  “The LA DA has sent 22 people to death row in her seven years as District Attorney—all 22 have been people of color.”

In Alameda County ten percent of the population is black.  It is home to Santa Rita Jail—the third largest in California.

“It is a monster,” he said.  “Santa Rita Jail is 15 percent white, 48 percent black, 30 percent Latinx.  This happens right here in California.”

He noted the 1987 Supreme Court case of McCleskey v. Kemp where Mr. McCleskey, a black man, was convicted of murdering a white police officer in Georgia and sentenced to death.

The case went to appeal and the appellate counsel looked at 2000 cases where they were able to show conclusively that a black person who kills a white person is far more likely to get the death penalty than the reverse.

“They showed that.  It was clear.  Not a question of a doubt,” he said.  “The Supreme Court in that case said apparent disparities at sentencing are an inevitable part of our criminal justice system.  Think about that.”

He said that the Supreme Court admitted that “sentencing was racist” and “there’s not a damn thing we’re going to do about it.”

“Well I disagree,” he said.  “The Racial Justice Act is a step in the right direction to fix that.”

Phil Melendez is a formerly incarcerated individual who initially faced the death penalty.  He said he faced the death penalty for two weeks and called it “an inhumane punishment.”

He spent a week after the news he would face the death penalty “imaging my death.”  He imagined them dragging him down the hallway to his death, screaming “and pleading for them not to kill me.

“That’s just the impacts of the death penalty,” he said.

—David M. Greenwald reporting

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About The Author

David Greenwald is the founder, editor, and executive director of the Davis Vanguard. He founded the Vanguard in 2006. David Greenwald moved to Davis in 1996 to attend Graduate School at UC Davis in Political Science. He lives in South Davis with his wife Cecilia Escamilla Greenwald and three children.

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6 thoughts on “Racial Justice Act Introduced in Legislature to End Racial Disparities in the Criminal Justice System”

  1. Alan Miller

    “the color of justice is green”, Johnny Cochran

    All good in theory, but reading the article I don’t see how the bill ends racial disparities.  They shouldn’t happen in the first place, so how does this bill actually change anything?

    1. Alan Miller

      Attitude, much?  I didn’t say that . . . I asked what this bill would do.  If there isn’t supposed to be discrimination by race and there is, how is the same legal system going to be changed by a bill?  It’s a serious question, and I didn’t see an answer in the article, nor in your response.

      1. Bill Marshall

        Je d’accord.

        There is an ancient piece of legislation… Thou shalt not kill…

        I asked what this bill would do.  If there isn’t supposed to be discrimination by race and there is, how is the same legal system going to be changed by a bill? 

        Same, same.  Hearts and minds need to be turned… written legislation/laws ain’t going to do that.  No great answers here, but I think I fully get your point…

        Words are one thing… morals and actions, another…

      2. David Greenwald Post author

        One thing it does is make it easier to overturn verdicts on the basis of appeals to racism. So for instance Anand Jon could get a new trial.

        1. Alan Miller

          Does it?  I dunno, and law is the last thing I’m an expert at . . . I just see so many laws that sound good but are actually ‘full employment’ bills for lawyers.  If this really does some good, great.

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